I’m going to show you what I mean in this series of posts.
Hopkins was one of the most original poets writing in English during the 19th century. Throughout his life he experienced a range of intense emotions, from utter misery to great joy. And he has an astonishing ability to express his emotions in his poetry.
I’ve chosen six of Hopkins’ sonnets which, I suggest, can take us on a healing journey: from despair, through detachment and determination, to comfort of self and comfort of others, and finally to delight. The first four are taken from his so-called ‘Terrible Sonnets’, written in Dublin in 1885 during a period of profound sadness. The fifth was written in Liverpool in 1880, while he was working as a local priest. The final one, his own personal favourite, was composed in north Wales in 1877.
I’ll present each poem in turn, and then make some comments on how they might help us.
Four things before we start on the journey.
- The first three of these sonnets are very bleak indeed, so do take care of yourself while reading them. If they strike a deep chord, then make sure you have someone you can talk them over with.
- Religion is very important to Hopkins, and permeates all his literary imagery. He became a Jesuit priest, having converted to Catholicism (a very radical move at the time) while a student at Oxford. But it is not at all necessary for us to share his beliefs to get immense value from his poetry.
- Sonnet structure: Hopkins adopts the standard 14 lines for each sonnet, like Petrarch and Shakespeare before him. Like Petrarch (but unlike Shakespeare) he usually divides them into two parts: the first eight lines set out the main theme, and the last six lines offering a response. Unlike both Petrarch and Shakespeare, Hopkins often moves away from the standard format of ten syllables a line, with stress on each second syllable; he enjoys experimenting with the length and rhythm of each line.
- Reading the poems: I recommend you read through each one a few times, to get the general style and rhythm in your mind. Then, for maximum effect, read it out loud. This way you really begin to hear how his words sound and interact with each other.
OK, with all this in mind, we can begin. I will introduce the first sonnet for this journey – ‘No worst there is none’ – in my next post, in a couple of days’ time.